The meeting on the development of civilian microelectronics was held on March 20, Russian President Vladimir Putin – the general director of the Zelenograd NIIME and the head of the board of directors of Micron Gennady Krasnikov delivered a report on the state and prospects of this market. They discussed the activation of the state to support producers, the technological independence of Russia and the development of new technological trends. Industries need a long-term plan, Putin said.
The meeting was attended by representatives of the Cabinet, the head of Rostek Sergey Chemezov and the head of Vnesheconombank Sergei Gorkov, chairman of the board of directors of AFK Sistema Vladimir Yevtushenkov.
The meeting was closed, Zelenograd.ru commented at the NIIME – it was about issues of supporting the market of civil electronics, including the localization of the production of electronic equipment, as well as the revitalization of the state for the development of the microelectronics market. Potential markets and possible actions of the state in the field of stimulating market development in promising areas were considered: fifth generation communication networks, Internet of things, RFID products, etc.
“Our own development and serial production of microelectronics products is a pledge of our technological and technical independence, a basis for innovative development of the economy, increasing its competitiveness,” Putin said. According to him, for the effective development of microelectronics, an integrated, long-term strategy is needed – an “Action Plan that provides concrete measures to strengthen existing and create new industries, as well as more active introduction of Russian products both on the domestic and foreign markets.”
We also need a national competence center that will determine the priority technological directions for the development of microelectronics, the president said and stressed the role of the state: “Obviously, in this industry, without state support, without orders from state companies, it is difficult to ensure the stable operation of enterprises at the initial stages. Therefore, it is important to actively develop mechanisms that will help maximize the capacity utilization. ”
According to Putin, the international cooperation ties and cooperation with foreign partners will help to reduce the costs and time of launching new production facilities.
Situation: 12% in the domestic market – it’s not enough
In the industry there are 55 design centers and a number of industrial productions – Mikron, Angstrem, enterprises of the state corporation Rostek, but the share of their civil products in the domestic market of the electronic component base is only about 12%, the president stated. The volume of the entire domestic market for civilian microelectronics, according to Putin’s data, is at least 120 billion rubles: “And, according to experts, in the coming decades will grow actively, including taking into account the digitalization of the economy, the development of fifth generation communication, the Internet of things and robotics.”
The state program “Development of the electronic and radio electronic industry for 2013-2025” is in effect, among its targets – 20% of Russian radio electronic products in the domestic market by 2015, 40% by 2025; development of chip production technologies with topological norms of 32 nm by 2018 and 10 nm to the completion of the program.
More than 62 billion rubles from the federal budget and more than 35 billion rubles of extra-budgetary funds have already been spent on solving scientific, technical and technological problems within the state program, the president said (the total planned amount of the program’s financing is almost 500 billion rubles). The head of state summed up the interim results of the program: the competitiveness of the industry has increased, the output of radio electronics production has increased 3.5 times since 2013.
From orders of the “defense industry” to the Internet market of things
The fact that active state support is necessary for the development of the production of microelectronic components of civil application was said at the end of 2017 at the forum “Microelectronics 2017”. “Russian microelectronics is traditionally fueled by state orders for components for special applications and defense industries,” wrote in a review of the ComputerWorld forum, based on the data of Frost & Sullivan analysts. Leading consumers in Russia are the aerospace industry and defense industry enterprises (45%), while world sales of microelectronics are largely oriented toward the civilian segments of the economy.
To create a civil sector of domestic microelectronics, active state support is needed taking into account the experience of the most developed economies of the world, say experts who spoke at the forum. Abroad, they practice a wide range of protectionist measures – from tax incentives and investments in research and development to the formation of demand for finished products, in which national electronic components are used. Domestic producers have been calling for the state to introduce similar measures for a number of years.
Zelenograd “Micron” and “Angstrem” are already producing civilian chips. Mikron’s civil products are mainly associated with RFID technology – radio frequency tags, which are actively used in marking goods, transport applications, electronic documents (passports, ID cards, driver’s license, MHIF policy), bank payment systems. Among the customers are large Moscow and federal structures. “These are the areas in which we are currently working and successfully compete with foreign products,” said Gennady Krasnikov a year ago in the special issue of the “RG”.
On the “Micron” are oriented and a new mass direction – microelectronics for the Internet of things, counting on the development of the digital economy in Russia will create a new sector of the domestic market and bring microelectronics “to a new stage”.
“The two previous leaps are associated with the advent of laptops, and then smartphones. They created a massive demand for the same type of digital chips. The world market was consolidated by product types: someone was engaged in memory, someone was developing connected chips, someone was exclusively microprocessors. The next jump in the industry will be due to the development of the Internet of things – smart devices of the digital economy. Thanks to the development of the digital economy, our microelectronics, and beyond it, and other related industries have a chance to restart, “Gulnara Khasyanova, General Director of Mikron, said in a recent interview with BIT.
One of the civilian directions of Zelenograd “Angstrem” is components of power electronics.